Clinical highlights: eye tracking in Deep Brain Stimulation

The newsletter of this month is related to the relevance of eye tracking in Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson’s disease (PD).

Clinical highlights – September 2022

We are thrilled to inform you about the science of eye tracking. Every month, we will keep you updated on the latest news shared by the scientific community.

The newsletter of this month is related to the relevance of eye tracking in Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson’s disease (PD).

Enjoy the reading!

The P3Lab team

Deep Brain Stimulation1

Deep brain stimulation is a neurosurgical procedure that uses implanted electrodes and electrical stimulation to treat movement disorders associated with Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, dystonia, and other neurological conditions. When successful, DBS interrupts the irregular signals that cause tremors and other movement symptoms through continuous pulses of electric current from the neurostimulator that pass through the leads and into the brain.

The selection of appropriate patients is therefore of particular importance and the individual risk versus benefit ratio has to be carefully assessed.

DBS surgery can help people with Parkinson’s disease improve their symptoms of tremors, stiffness, slowness, and dyskinesias. It can also decrease the dose of medication the patient needs to manage their PD.

Source: Johns Hopkins University

Relevance of eye tracking in neuro-modulation

Eye tracking can provide value during 3 moments in neuromodulation: 

  1. Ahead of the surgery: to better identify target patients based on their clinical prognosis 
  2. Potentially during surgery: to support the most appropriate electrode localization in the operation room
  3. And finally, after surgery: to refine the patient follow-up in a non-invasive way

Ahead of the surgery

Recent studies have identified antisaccades latency as a predictive biomarker to identify the subpopulation of Parkinson’s patients who will develop freezing of gait, up until 5 years in advance

Link to the publication

Antisaccade latency is a predictive marker of the 5-year onset of freezing of gait

Gallea et al. in Brain 2021

… in the case of saccadic latency the pattern is different: surgery produces a transient increase in latency, returning to baseline within three weeks, while subsequent stimulation reduced latency.

Antoniades, et al. in PLOS 2012

During the surgery

Researchers used objective measurement of saccadic latency to compare the effects of surgery and of stimulation.

Link to the publication

After the surgery

Recent studies offer the ability to assess the outcomes of basal ganglia stimulation on eye movement behavior in cognitive as well as in motor domains. Understanding the influence of DBS on ocular motor function also leads to analogies to interpret its effects on complex appendicular and axial motor function.

Link to the publication

From the clinical perspective such studies provide valuable guidance in efficient programming of stimulation profile leading to optimal motor outcome.

Shaikh et al. in Frontiers 2018

You want to know more?

Our experts have gathered a comprehensive list of scientific literature about the relevance of eye tracking in neuromodulation. Feel free to contact us a request a copy.

Are you enthusiastic about NeuroCluesTM and want to share it with your colleagues?

Refer them to us through this email or our LinkedIn page and we’ll be happy to have a chat.

Book a virtual demo

Book a custom virtual walk-through of NeuroClues with one of our experts and see how our innovative eye-tracking technology could impact your clinical practice.